Text: Author unknown, from around 1890.
Music: Tune is from the folk melody of the Russian song called "Ponizovaya Volnitsa", better known by the words "Volga, Volga mat' rodnaya, Iz za ostrova na strezhen" and simply, "Stenka Razin" per Wikipedia. The tune was also used in The Seekers hit song "When the Carnival is over".

More verses exist and different people sing different verses.

Thanks and Acknowledgements

Thanks to George Nicholson for sharing this song and for the translation (which was done with Mama Lisa).