Bredele are Christmas cookies from the Alsace region of France. The word bredele is Alsatian in origin. Alsatian is a German dialect. The region of Alsace is on the border of Germany. It has switched hands between Germany and France four times since 1871. Yet "bredele" predates that, possibly going back as early as the 1500’s.
"Bredele" comes from the German word "brot" ("brod" is an older version of the word – meaning "bread" in English). The "ele" ending makes it a diminutive (similar to how "dog" becomes "doggie"). So it could translate as "little bread". Even though it refers to cookies. "Bredele" is used in Alsace, as well as the rest of France, to refer to Christmas cookies.
The most common pronunciation is breh-duh-luh (you don’t hear the h’s). There are other pronunciations and spellings throughout the region… Bredala or Breedala - in the south of Alsace (the Upper Rhine), Bredle, Breedele, Breedels in the north of Alsace (the Lower Rhine). I’ve even heard "bretela" in a YouTube video from the region.
Alsatians start making their bredele early in the holiday season, sometimes as early as November. Most families have their own secret recipes passed down through the generations. Some people make many types of bredele… as many as 10 – 12 kinds.
In the video below, which is in French, you can see a chef making many types of bredele. He says that the base ingredients of these cookies is butter, sugar, eggs and flour. Then to make different types he adds almonds, powdered sugar, hazelnuts, cinnamon and baking powder. He also makes different shaped cookies.
People store bredele in tins and some families with young kids, and even with much older ones, will have to hide them to save them for Christmas.
The man at the end of the video (@ 3:00) complains about how he has to search all over the house for the bredele but can’t find them! Where are the bredele?!
Check out our recipe for anis bredela that’s yum yum yum!
Image: Wikipedia (cc)
Many thanks to Monique Palomares for pointing me to articles about bredele. Monique works with me on the French and Spanish versions of Mama Lisa’s World. It’s interesting to note that when I asked Monique about Christmas cookies in France, she said that "bredele" are the only cookies in France that are specifically made for Christmas.
This article was posted on Tuesday, December 22nd, 2015 at 10:10 pm and is filed under Alsace, Alsatian, Bredele, Christmas Cookies, Countries & Cultures, Desserts, France, Languages, Recipes of the World. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.
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