Andorra is a small country in the eastern Pyrenees Mountains, between France and Spain. It has an area of about 468 square km (81 square miles) and a population of about 55,000. It was first declared a free state by Charlemagne in the 9th century. For 700 years it was jointly ruled by the leader of France and the Bishop of Urgel in Spain. In 1993 it became an independent constitutional democracy.