This type of song is called a "cariso". They were sung as a call-and-response among women, commemorating an historical even or used to spread news. This specific cariso is about the emancipation of 1848. Traditionally, one woman would sing the verse and the group would sing the chorus.

Clear de Road - Virgin Islands Children's Songs - U.S. Virgin Islands - Mama Lisa's World: Children's Songs and Rhymes from Around the World  - Intro Image

Notes

General Buddhoe is actually the former slave Moses Gottlieb. He helped organize the rebellion that helped the slaves on St, Croix (aka Santa Cruz) gain their freedom in 1848. You can see his picture at the top of the page.

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Video Notes

"This recording was made in 1957 by Raymond and Hazel Higdon, owners of the first radio station in St. Croix..."

"This cariso expresses the hardships of slavery and remembers the events that led to the proclamation of freedom on July 3,1848. Marie Richards (1890-1960), the performer of this song, was born on the island of St. Maarten and came to St. Croix as a young woman..."

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Thanks and Acknowledgements

Image: Moses Gottlieb, aka General Buddhoe (circa 1800)

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